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It wasn’t really a ”step back”, things kept progressing. Other empires grew in the roman empire’s place. The black death was bad, but it wasn’t like everything was actually dark for centuries. Living conditions on planet earth have pretty much always been getting better, even when it haven’t seemed like it.
Edit: Even if it was a ”dark age”, it didn’t just happen all of a sudden, so no one living back than would have actually experienced it and thought ”wow this is a really bad time”, except maybe during plagues. It happened gradually over generations or lifetimes. Also, the world of today works pretty differently from the world of a 1000 years ago. So, we might get dark times, but they most likely wouldn’t be what they was back then.
Arguably the worst plagues in history occurred during the Roman era rather than the Middle Ages. Antonine Plague and Plague of Justinian arguably worse as % of population than Black Death.
The “Dark Ages” is a historiographical construct not accepted by the majority of modern scholars due to being misleading and unjustly pejorative. Early Middle Ages is the commonly used modern term in academia.
“Dark Ages” was a term coined by Petrarch who saw the Roman and classical period as a high point in civilisation, but the term “dark” really referred to the period being opaque due to the lack of records rather than to it being bad.
The use of the term “dark ages” by Petrarch was part of a much observed human tendency to view the immediate past as somehow inferior to the distant past. Hesiod writing in the 7th century BC (and therefore firmly part of Petrarch’s celebrated classical era of light) himself wrote nostalgically about the “golden age” of Arcadia which was followed by decline. Similarly, the poets of the Roman Empire wrote nostalgically about the great days of the Roman Republic. Virgil, writing in the Roman Republic, harked back to an idealised Arcadian Greece centuries before. You can observe a modern example of this in the way that people are nostalgic for the 1950s while dismissing our own age.
First, the Dark Ages were not nearly as 'dark' as commonly imagined. Although the western part of the Roman Empire broke apart politically and culturally, the eastern part survived and became the Byzantine Empire, which lasted for another thousand years. And despite the political situation, academics and artisans managed to keep records of pretty much all the scientific and technological discoveries of the classical world, so very little knowledge was lost. Moreover, other parts of the world, such as India and China, experienced no particular 'dark age' and enjoyed an era of relative prosperity during that time.
With that being said: Anything is possible, but it seems unlikely that the whole of human civilization will enter a 'dark age' that does not involve complete extinction. We have too much knowledge, technology and infrastructure now, and everything is too interconnected. Also, the fact that we don't see technologically advanced past civilizations in our archaeological record suggest that once such civilizations exist, they either persist or go extinct rapidly and completely.
I am not an expert obviously. I think we are witnessing somewhat of a similar tendency these days. At least we are at a crossroads where the developmental path of our species might diverge.
On the one hand we might experience a fallback into chaos (fascism, unmitigated climate catastrophe).
On the other hand we might get our act together and transcend our fossil fuel driven way of life and maybe even spread to other celestial bodies to become the first interplanetary species in our galaxy.
See: The "United" States of America today.